Biliary atresia lifespan pain after endometrial biopsy

Bile is a fluid made by the liver. Normally the bile ducts take bile to the small intestine. Bile helps with digestion and also carries waste products. When a child has biliary atresia, the bile ducts in the liver are blocked. Bile becomes backed up in the liver. This damages the liver. Many vital body functions also are affected.

• Clotting studies. These include PT (prothrombin time) and PTT (partial thromboplastin time). These tests check how long it takes for blood to clot. Blood clotting requires vitamin K and proteins made by the liver. Liver cell damage and blocked bile flow can both cause problems with normal blood clotting.

• HIDA or hepatobiliary scan. A low-level radioactive isotope is injected into your child’s vein. The liver and intestine are scanned by a nuclear medicine machine.

If the isotope passes through the liver into the intestine, the bile ducts are open and the child does not have biliary atresia.

This surgery connects the bile drainage from the liver directly to the intestinal tract. It goes around (bypasses) the blocked bile ducts. This surgery can allow a child to grow and be in fairly good health for a few years. At some point, bile will back up into the liver. This causes liver damage. A liver transplant may also be needed over time. Liver transplant

After a transplant, a child must take medicines to help prevent the body’s immune system from attacking, or rejecting, the new liver. These medicines are called antirejection medicines. Rejection is part of the immune system’s normal way of fighting against viruses, tumors, and other foreign substances. Antirejection medicines weaken the immune system’s response.

It’s important to have regular contact with your child’s healthcare provider and members of the transplant team after a liver transplant. What are the complications of biliary atresia?Biliary atresia causes liver damage and affects many processes that allow the body to work normally. Without surgery, the disease can be fatal. Living with biliary atresia

Before your child has surgery, nutrition may be a problem. With biliary atresia, not enough bile reaches the intestine to help digest fats in the diet. Liver damage can cause a lack of protein and a lack of vitamins. Children with liver disease need more calories than a normal child because they have a faster metabolism.

Your child’s healthcare provider may recommend that your child see a pediatric nutritionist. The nutritionist can advise you on your child’s diet. A nutritional plan may include a balanced diet and added vitamins, as directed your child’s healthcare provider.

Some children with liver disease become too sick to eat normally. If this is the case, your child’s provider may also recommend that you give high-calorie liquid feedings. These feedings are given through a tube called an NG, or nasogastric tube. The tube is guided into your child’s nose, down the esophagus, and into the stomach. A high-calorie liquid can be given through the tube to add to your child’s diet if your child can only eat small amounts of food. Or it can replace meals if your child is too sick to eat.