Dr paul p fogarty – gynaecology – abnormal smear

Developed in the 1940s by Dr. Skin biopsy results time George Papanicolaou, this test (sometimes called a Pap smear) can help to detect cervical cancer at an early stage. Pipelle endometrial biopsy Around 1,500 women in the UK die from cervical cancer every year. Endometrial biopsy procedure The smear test is credited with saving tens of thousands of women’s lives and decreasing deaths from cervical cancer by more than 70%. Endometrial biopsy side effects The smear test can also spot infections which may need treating.

All women between the ages of 20 and 64 are eligible for a free cervical smear test every 3 – 5 years according to the local health authority (Reference:NHS Cervical Screening Programme).

If you are eligible for a smear test and have not had one within the last 3 – 5 years, arrange to have one as soon as possible. Liver biopsy recovery time Your smear test needs to be taken at least 5 days after the end of a period (if you’re still having periods).

You should avoid using vaginal creams, having intercourse, or applying a lubricant jelly 24 hours before the test because it could cause inaccurate test results. Abnormal endometrial biopsy results You should tell your doctor if you have had a prior abnormal smear, if you think you may be pregnant, and if you are taking any medications or oral contraceptives.

A device called a speculum is gently inserted into your vagina and opened slightly so that the cervix (neck of the womb) can be seen. Endometrial biopsy recovery Then a spatula will be rubbed against the cervix to take a sample of some of the cells.

There are no risks involved in the test. Endometrial biopsy video However, you may experience some discomfort and a feeling of pressure during the procedure. Pain after endometrial biopsy A small amount of bleeding may occur after the test.

If the cells appear normal, no treatment is necessary. Cervical biopsy recovery If an infection is present, treatment is prescribed. Endometrial biopsy complications If the cells appear abnormal, more tests may be necessary. Hysteroscopy endometrial biopsy I will write to you with the results when available.

Only very rarely does it mean that you have cancer. Breast biopsy recovery time It might simply mean that your sample didn’t show up clearly, for example not enough cells may have been collected, and that another smear is needed. Endometrial biopsy ivf This is called an unsatisfactory result.

On the other hand, your result could point to some slight changes in the cells of the cervix. Endometrial biopsy pain If abnormal changes, known as dyskaryosis, are detected, you will have what is called an abnormal result.

Your doctor will explain what needs to be done, for example, you may be asked to come back for more smear tests. Breast biopsy recovery Often the cells return to normal by themselves, but if the repeat smear test still shows abnormal cells, you may be asked to go to a hospital for a closer examination. Endometrial biopsy results time frame Treatment, if needed, is virtually 100% effective. Endometrial biopsy results interpretation It is a minor procedure, usually done on an out-patient basis.

It is important to remember that it is extremely rare for these abnormalities to be cancer. Endometrial biopsy results Nearly all abnormal smears show no more than small changes in the cells on the cervix (the neck of the womb).

An abnormal result usually means that small changes have been found in the cells on the cervix. Bleeding after endometrial biopsy The names given to these small changes are borderline changes or mild dyskaryosis.

In many cases these changes return to normal by themselves. What is endometrial biopsy Sometimes the changes are persistent and may become worse and could lead to cancer in the future. Endometrial biopsy results how long In such cases further examination and treatment is needed. What is an endometrial biopsy Treatment is simple and usually very successful.

Fortunately, it usually takes many years for cancer of the cervix to develop. Biopsy endometrial So it is rare, especially in women who have regular smears, for an abnormal result to show that cancer has already developed.

If you have either of these results, your doctor will ask you to return for another smear test – a repeat smear. Skin biopsy results time Your doctor will advise you when this is needed.

If the repeat smear is normal, you will be asked to have at least one more smear test in six to twelve months time to be sure that the cells are still healthy. Pipelle endometrial biopsy If they are healthy you will then go back to receiving routine invitations as before.

An instrument called a colposcope is used – it is just a magnifying glass which lets the doctor look more closely at the changes on your cervix. Endometrial biopsy procedure It does not go inside you, but some women may find the examination a bit uncomfortable.

If you need treatment following colposcopy you will usually be treated as an outpatient and there should be no need for you to stay in hospital overnight. Endometrial biopsy side effects Treatment is usually very successful.

Otherwise enjoy sex as usual, but you should use an effective contraceptive. Liver biopsy recovery time It is important not to get pregnant until your abnormality is dealt with, as the hormones produced during pregnancy make treatment more difficult.

The exact cause of changes in the cells or the cervix is still unknown. Abnormal endometrial biopsy results However, these changes are often associated with a virus which can be transmitted by sexual intercourse.

The human papilloma virus (HPV) is a very common infection of the cervix which is generally sexually transmitted. Endometrial biopsy recovery Many women catch the virus at some time. Endometrial biopsy video In most cases it clears naturally without the woman knowing it is there. Pain after endometrial biopsy Some forms of the virus can cause genital warts. Cervical biopsy recovery Other types can cause cervical abnormalities which clear up when the virus has gone. Endometrial biopsy complications In some women, however, the virus remains present for a number of years and cervical abnormalities will, in a few of these women develop into cancer if left untreated.

If you have any further questions regarding your condition or if you feel worried at all, do not hesitate to phone or make an appointment with your doctor, who will be happy to talk to you.

If the result of your smear test shows that abnormal cells are present your doctor may refer you to a specialist clinic for a further test. Hysteroscopy endometrial biopsy This is not unusual: about one in ten smears is abnormal. Breast biopsy recovery time This may involve a test called colposcopy which is generally done in a hospital outpatient clinic.

An instrument called a colposcope is used – it is just a magnifying glass which lets the doctor look more closely at the changes on your cervix (neck of the womb). Endometrial biopsy ivf It does not go inside you, but some women may find the examination a bit uncomfortable – if you are having treatment as well then it can be performed under an anaesthetic

Some doctors and nurses prefer not to do colposcopy examination when you have your period, please ring your local clinic to check and to make another appointment if necessary.

On arrival at the colposcopy clinic you will be asked a few questions, as accurate records are essential for treatment. Endometrial biopsy pain It is particularly helpful if you can remember the date of the first day of your last period before going to the colposcopy clinic.

For your own comfort it is helpful if you wear a loosely fitting skirt rather than trousers. Breast biopsy recovery The actual examination is similar to having a smear test except that a clear solution is applied to the cervix to make the abnormal areas show up more clearly. Endometrial biopsy results time frame This is not painful. Endometrial biopsy results interpretation The doctor will look through the colposcope to examine the surface of the cervix in more detail. Endometrial biopsy results A small sample (biopsy) of tissue may then be taken from the cervix for examination in the laboratory. Bleeding after endometrial biopsy You may feel a slight twinge while the biopsy is being taken.

Usually colposcopy examinations only take a short time. What is endometrial biopsy After the examination you should feel well enough to continue with your usual routine. Endometrial biopsy results how long Treatment may be discussed at the first colposcopy visit but in some cases a second appointment is given so that the results of the biopsy can be explained and treatment arranged. What is an endometrial biopsy However, in some clinics treatment may be carried out at this initial visit.

Colposcopy shows the type and extent of the abnormal area on the cervix. Biopsy endometrial The results of the cervical smear, colposcopy and biopsy, if taken, will show if you need treatment and, if so, what sort.

After you have dressed, the doctor may be able to tell you the results and what treatment, if any, is needed. Skin biopsy results time However, if you have had a biopsy, it will take a few weeks before you get the result of this.

If you have had a biopsy, you may have a light bloodstained discharge for a few days following the procedure. Pipelle endometrial biopsy This is nothing to worry about and it should soon disappear. Endometrial biopsy procedure It is advisable to avoid using tampons until the discharge clears up.

Sometimes the abnormal cells return to normal without any treatment at all. Endometrial biopsy side effects If your doctor decides not to treat the minor changes, regular smears will be taken to ensure that further changes have not taken place.

There are very many women waiting for colposcopy, and it is very important that you let the clinic know if you cannot keep your appointment, so that clinic time is not wasted.

• Treatment, if needed, is simple and usually very successful. Liver biopsy recovery time You will usually be treated as an outpatient. Abnormal endometrial biopsy results Once healing is completed you should not be physically affected in any way.