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There are so many records online at FamilySearch now that a general search often turns up hundreds if not thousands of irrelevant results. You want to be able to target your searches to wade through less chaff. If you’ve already tried using the exact search checkboxes next to the fields; searched birth, death, and residence places; used wildcards in names that could be spelled different ways; or tried to narrow by relationship with another person, location, or type of record already, you still have other options that can make your search more fruitful.

• Search by collection: A general search almost always turns up too many possibilities unless the search contains someone with a very unusual name. For best results, start by choosing a country to find collections, via the location search, or by browsing by location down to a particular record collection (e.g., North Carolina Deaths, 1906–1930).


When you have the collection open that you want, you can use the narrow by technique within each collection (e.g., use parent surnames only to find married female children in the N.C. Deaths collection). The more possible places and connected names that you can try, the more meaningful your results will turn out to be. Take notes on the title and years of the collection you’re searching, in relation to whom. If the collection is missing records from certain years, you’ll know what you’ve been able to check—and what you haven’t—because those missing records could come online or become searchable one day.

• Use wildcards and other search refinements: FamilySearch recognizes both the * wildcard (replaces one or more characters) and the ? wildcard (replaces a single character). Wildcards can be placed anywhere within a field (even at the beginning or end of a name), and wildcard searches work both with and without the exact search checkboxes being used. You can use and, or, and not in your search fields as well as quotation marks to find exact phrases.

• Show a preview: After your search has returned a list of results, click on the little upside-down triangle to the right of each search result to open a more detailed preview. This reduces the time spent, versus clicking back and forth between the results list and the result pages.

• Filter your results: If you’re searching across multiple collections at one time, use the Category list in the left-hand navigation bar to narrow your results by category. This is useful for filtering out census records, for example, which often end up topping results lists. After you’ve narrowed to a particular category (Births, Marriages Deaths, for example), the left-hand navigation bar will list record collections within that category, with the number of results that match your search query next to each collection title.

• Browse as well as search: Many collections at FamilySearch are only partially searchable at any given point in time (and many are not at all), but this information isn’t always easy to determine from the collection list. Even if a particular collection is searchable, compare the total number of searchable records listed in the Collections List with the total number of records available by selecting the record set and scroll down to see the number of records listed under View Images in This Collection. In many cases, you will find many records available for browsing that aren’t yet included in the searchable index.

• Use the wrong documents: A child’s birth record can find information about his or her parents. Or, being the more recent document about the person, a death certificate could also contain his or her birthdate, if the birth certificate (or vital record or civil registration) is elusive.

Hundreds of thousands of volunteers have generously donated their time to help to index the collections through FamilySearch Indexing. If you’re interested in volunteering, the software is easy to download and use, and instructions are well thought out and generally self-explanatory. A little of your time can help get that genealogy record online for someone else who is searching for it.