How massage heals sore muscles – the new york times

A massage after vigorous exercise unquestionably feels good, and it seems to reduce pain and help muscles recover. Endometrial biopsy results time frame Many people — both athletes and health professionals – have long contended it eases inflammation, improves blood flow and reduces muscle tightness. Endometrial biopsy results interpretation But until now no one has understood why massage has this apparently beneficial effect.


Their experiment required having people exercise to exhaustion and undergo five incisions in their legs in order to obtain muscle tissue for analysis. Endometrial biopsy results Despite the hurdles, the scientists still managed to find 11 brave young male volunteers. Bleeding after endometrial biopsy The study was published in the Feb. What is endometrial biopsy 1 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

On a first visit, they biopsied one leg of each subject at rest. Endometrial biopsy results how long At a second session, they had them vigorously exercise on a stationary bicycle for more than an hour until they could go no further. What is an endometrial biopsy Then they massaged one thigh of each subject for 10 minutes, leaving the other to recover on its own. Biopsy endometrial Immediately after the massage, they biopsied the thigh muscle in each leg again. Skin biopsy results time After allowing another two-and-a-half hours of rest, they did a third biopsy to track the process of muscle injury and repair.

Vigorous exercise causes tiny tears in muscle fibers, leading to an immune reaction — inflammation — as the body gets to work repairing the injured cells. Pipelle endometrial biopsy So the researchers screened the tissue from the massaged and unmassaged legs to compare their repair processes, and find out what difference massage would make.

They found that massage reduced the production of compounds called cytokines, which play a critical role in inflammation. Endometrial biopsy procedure Massage also stimulated mitochondria, the tiny powerhouses inside cells that convert glucose into the energy essential for cell function and repair. Endometrial biopsy side effects “The bottom line is that there appears to be a suppression of pathways in inflammation and an increase in mitochondrial biogenesis,” helping the muscle adapt to the demands of increased exercise, said the senior author, Dr. Liver biopsy recovery time Mark A. Abnormal endometrial biopsy results Tarnopolsky.

Dr. Endometrial biopsy recovery Tarnopolsky, a professor of pediatrics and medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, said that massage works quite differently from Nsaids and other anti-inflammatory drugs, which reduce inflammation and pain but may actually retard healing. Endometrial biopsy video Many people, for instance, pop an aspirin or Aleve at the first sign of muscle soreness. Pain after endometrial biopsy “There’s some theoretical concern that there is a maladaptive response in the long run if you’re constantly suppressing inflammation with drugs,” he said. Cervical biopsy recovery “With massage, you can have your cake and eat it too—massage can suppress inflammation and actually enhance cell recovery.”

“This is important research, because it is the first to show that massage can reduce pro-inflammatory cytokines which may be involved in pain,” said Tiffany Field, director of the Touch Research Institute at the University of Miami Medical School. Endometrial biopsy complications She was not involved in the study. Hysteroscopy endometrial biopsy “We have known from many studies that pain can be reduced by massage based on self-report, but this is the first demonstration that the pain-related pro-inflammatory cytokines can be reduced.” she said.

Getting a massage from a professional masseur is obviously more expensive than taking an aspirin. Breast biopsy recovery time But, as Dr. Endometrial biopsy ivf Field points out, massage techniques can be taught. Endometrial biopsy pain “People within families can learn to massage each other,” she said. Breast biopsy recovery “If you can teach parents to massage kids, couples to massage each other. Endometrial biopsy results time frame This can be cost effective.”

Dr. Endometrial biopsy results interpretation Tarnopolsky suggests that, in the long run, a professional massage may even be a better bargain than a pill. Endometrial biopsy results “If someone says “This is free and it might make you feel better, but it may slow down your recovery, do you still want it?” he asked. Bleeding after endometrial biopsy “Or would you rather spend the 50 bucks for a post-exercise massage that also might enhance your recovery?”