If you have hodgkin lymphoma antiemetic medications for chemotherapy

The lymph system, also known as the lymphatic system, is part of the immune system. (The immune system is how the body fights germs and some diseases.) The lymph system is a network of lymph nodes and certain body parts, such as the spleen, tonsils, and thymus. The parts of the lymph system are connected by tube-like lymph vessels.

Lymph nodes are made up mainly of lymphocytes, which are a kind of white blood cell. The main types of lymphocytes are B lymphocytes (B cells) and T lymphocytes (T cells). Hodgkin lymphoma almost always starts in B lymphocytes. Different types of Hodgkin lymphoma

The doctor will ask you questions about your health and do an exam. The doctor will feel the lymph nodes and other body parts that may be affected. If signs are pointing to Hodgkin lymphoma, more tests will be done.

Here are some of the tests you may need: Tests that may be done

Biopsy: In this test, the doctor takes out a lymph node or a little bit of tissue to check it for cancer cells. This is often done in a hospital under local anesthesia. This means you’re awake but it’s numb around the lymph node. You may also be given medicine to make you sleepy.

Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy: If Hodgkin lymphoma has been found, these tests are done sometimes to tell if it has reached the bone marrow (the soft, inner part of some bones). A doctor uses thin, hollow needles to take out a little bit of bone marrow, most often from the hip bone. The area around the bone is numbed, and you may be given a drug to make you sleep during the test. The samples are sent to a lab to see if there are Hodgkin cells in the bone marrow.

PET scan: In this test, you are given a type of sugar that can be seen inside your body with a type of camera. If there is cancer, this sugar shows up as “hot spots” where the cancer is found. This test can help show where Hodgkin lymphoma has spread. Questions to ask the doctor

Hodgkin lymphoma can be stage 1, 2, 3, or 4. The lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number means a worse lymphoma that has spread farther. Be sure to ask the doctor about the stage of your lymphoma and what it means for you. Questions to ask the doctor

Chemo is the short word for chemotherapy – the use of drugs to fight cancer. The drugs may be given into a vein or taken as pills. These drugs go into the blood and spread all over the body. Chemo is given in cycles or rounds. Each round of treatment is followed by a break. Most of the time, 4 or more chemo drugs are given. Treatment often lasts for many months. Side effects of chemo

For Hodgkin lymphoma, radiation is aimed at the cancer from a machine outside the body. This is called external beam radiation. Radiation therapy works better when the lymphoma is only in one part of the body. Ask your doctor if radiation is part of your treatment plan. Side effects of radiation treatments

A stem cell transplant (SCT) lets doctors use very high doses of chemo to kill the Hodgkin cells. The high doses of these drugs destroy the bone marrow, which is where new blood cells are made. Although the drugs destroy the bone marrow, stem cells given after chemo can bring back the blood cell-making bone marrow stem cells. There are different kinds of SCT, each of which can have bad side effects. Ask your doctor which type you will have and what to expect. Monoclonal antibodies

Clinical trials are one way to get the newest cancer treatment. They are the best way for doctors to find better ways to treat cancer. If your doctor can find one that’s studying the kind of cancer you have, it’s up to you whether to take part. And if you do sign up for a clinical trial, you can always stop at any time. What about other treatments that I hear about?

When you have cancer you might hear about other ways to treat the cancer or treat your symptoms. These may not always be standard medical treatments. These treatments may be vitamins, herbs, special diets, and other things. You may wonder about these treatments.

Some of these are known to help, but many have not been tested. Some have been shown not to help. A few have even been found to be harmful. Talk to your doctor about anything you’re thinking about using, whether it’s a vitamin, a diet, or anything else. Questions to ask the doctor

During these visits, the doctor will ask about symptoms, do physical exams, and may order blood tests or tests that take pictures inside your body such as CT or PET scans. Most people need doctor visits and tests every few months for the first few years after treatment. Then the longer you’re cancer-free, the less often the visits are needed.

Having cancer and dealing with treatment can be hard, but it can also be a time to look at your life in new ways. You might be thinking about how to better your health. Call us at 1-800-227-2345 or talk to your cancer care team to find out what you can do to feel better.