More ways to cope with type 1 diabetes and low blood sugar – the new york times

With all the concern these days about the nationwide epidemic of Type 2 diabetes, it’s easy to lose sight of the less common but much more serious form of diabetes called Type 1.

Long known as juvenile diabetes, Type 1 diabetes affects about one million Americans and most often begins in childhood, though the condition sometimes develops in adults. Juvenile onset diabetes It is incurable, and it demands near-constant attention to blood sugar levels and treatment with insulin to keep them normal. Difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms A failure to do so can quickly become fatal.

Both types of diabetes involve an inability of the hormone insulin to do its job, but for different reasons. Difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes Insulin shuttles blood sugar, or glucose, from the bloodstream into the body’s cells, where it is used as fuel. Type 1 diabetes autoimmune disease In Type 2 diabetes, which can develop at any age, the pancreas usually produces an adequate supply of insulin, but body tissues become resistant to its effects, often because of excess weight or obesity. Type 1 diabetes ppt Weight loss often reverses the condition.

People with Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, may have difficulty keeping enough weight on their bones. Type 1 diabetes in toddlers It is an autoimmune condition in which white blood cells destroy the pancreas’s insulin-producing cells. Type 1 diabetes life expectancy 2015 Without insulin, glucose cannot enter cells where it supplies the energy needed to metabolize nutrients and sustain life. Cure type 1 diabetes naturally Continue reading the main story

Like her older brother, Fiona pursues an active childhood, playing basketball, volleyball and soccer, as well as skiing. Diabetes type 1 life expectancy This summer, she attended a diabetes camp where, in addition to enjoying water sports, she had a chance to learn more about her condition and how to manage it independently.

“The less big of a deal we make of it, the easier it is for them,” Mrs. Type 1 diabetes autoimmune Gustin said of her children. Juvenile diabetes mellitus Perhaps most challenging has been the financial stress on their parents.

Carrie and Ian Gustin have two other children and medical insurance through Mr. How to reverse type 1 diabetes Gustin’s job. Type 1 diabetes symptoms in adults Still, there’s the monthly premium for a family of six and high deductibles ($3,000 for each or $6,000 for the family), plus substantial co-pays for the insulin pumps both children use, pump supplies, test strips for blood sugar and, of course, a steady insulin supply.

When blood sugar levels remain chronically elevated, there is a many-fold increase in the risk of developing heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage and stroke.

For example, in June The Lancet published online a study of nearly 21,000 patients with Type 1 diabetes who were initially free of heart disease. Type 1 diabetes insulin dependent During a follow-up averaging nine years, those with poorly controlled blood sugar were nearly four times as likely to be hospitalized with heart failure.

Damage to nerves and blood vessels resulting from chronically high blood sugar can eventually require amputation of lower limbs and cause blindness by injuring the retina.

It is now possible to measure a substance in blood called glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), which indicates how well blood sugar has been controlled. Type 1 diabetes symptoms adults A level of 6 percent or less is normal, but above 7 percent represents an increased risk of complications. Type 1 diabetes life expectancy Diabetologists recommend that patients with Type 1 diabetes get an HbA1c test every three to six months to see if changes in blood sugar management are needed.

In the last 40 years, improvements in blood sugar control have resulted in an average increase of more than 15 years in life expectancy for people with Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes nhs The mortality rate associated with this disease is still higher than among people without diabetes, however. Type 1 diabetes insulin resistance Further improvements in life expectancy are possible if patients can afford good care and have access to it.

Nutrition experts knowledgeable about diabetes control can develop meal plans that are minimally challenging. Type 1 diabetes pregnancy symptoms The trick is to balance carbohydrate intake with insulin requirements and, at the same time, consume a well-balanced diet. Difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus The severe limitations of past decades on carbohydrates no longer exist, especially if most of those consumed are whole grains and simple sugars are limited.

It also is critical to match insulin requirements with the amount of energy expended through physical activities. Type 1 diabetes complications timeline Overexertion without a compensatory reduction in insulin can result in potentially fatal insulin shock. Type 1 diabetes insulin dosing Accordingly, people with diabetes are advised to always have readily available an easily consumed source of sugar — like hard candy, a soda or fruit drink — should they experience symptoms of low blood sugar like shakiness, weakness, sweating, dizziness, blurred vision, hunger or rapid heart rate.