Pathogenic bacteria – wikipedia

Although most bacteria are harmless or often beneficial, some are pathogenic. Antibiotics for trichomoniasis and chlamydia One of the bacterial diseases with the highest disease burden is tuberculosis, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which kills about 2 million people a year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. Is trichomoniasis curable Pathogenic bacteria contribute to other globally important diseases, such as pneumonia, which can be caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus and Pseudomonas, and foodborne illnesses, which can be caused by bacteria such as Shigella, Campylobacter, and Salmonella.

Symptoms of trichomoniasis in females Pathogenic bacteria also cause infections such as tetanus, typhoid fever, diphtheria, syphilis, and leprosy. Trichomoniasis male symptoms Pathogenic bacteria are also the cause of high infant mortality rates in developing countries. Male symptoms of trichomoniasis [1]

Each species has specific effect and causes symptoms in people who are infected. Trichomoniasis statistics Some, if not most people who are infected with a pathogenic bacteria do not have symptoms. What treats trichomoniasis Immuno-compromised individuals are more susceptible to pathogenic bacteria. Definition of trichomoniasis Pathogenic susceptibility [ edit ]

Some pathogenic bacteria cause disease under certain conditions, such as entry through the skin via a cut, through sexual activity or through a compromised immune function.

Streptococcus and Staphylococcus are part of the normal skin microbiota and typically reside on healthy skin or in the nasopharangeal region. Infection trichomoniasis Yet these species can potentially initiate skin infections. What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis in females They are also able to cause sepsis, pneumonia or meningitis. Infection trichomonas These infections can become quite serious creating a systemic inflammatory response resulting in massive vasodilation, shock, and death. Can you get trichomoniasis from kissing [2]

Other bacteria are opportunistic pathogens and cause disease mainly in people suffering from immunosuppression or cystic fibrosis. How does trichomoniasis start Examples of these opportunistic pathogens include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cenocepacia, and Mycobacterium avium. How long does it take to cure trichomoniasis [3] [4] Intracellular [ edit ]

Obligate intracellular parasites (e.g. Can trichomoniasis be transmitted orally Chlamydophila, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia) have the ability to only grow and replicate inside other cells. Other ways to get trichomoniasis Even these intracellular infections may be asymptomatic, requiring an incubation period. Can you get trichomoniasis in the mouth An example of this is Rickettsia which causes typhus. How is trichomoniasis contracted Another causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

Chlamydia is a phylum of intracellular parasites. Ways to contract trichomoniasis These pathogens can cause pneumonia or urinary tract infection and may be involved in coronary heart disease. Chlamydia trichomonas [5]

Other groups of intracellular bacterial pathogens include Salmonella, Neisseria, Brucella, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Listeria, Francisella, Legionella, and Yersinia pestis. Trichomoniasis signs and symptoms These can exist intracellularly, but can exist outside of host cells. How can you get trichomoniasis if no one cheats Infections in specific tissue [ edit ]

• Bacterial vaginosis is caused by bacteria that change the vaginal microbiota caused by an overgrowth of bacteria that crowd out the Lactobacilli species that maintain healthy vaginal microbial populations.

• Urinary tract infection is predominantly caused by bacteria. Trichomoniasis yeast infection Symptoms include the strong and frequent sensation or urge to urinate, pain during urination, and urine that is cloudy. Can you get trichomoniasis in your mouth [8] The main causal agent is Escherichia coli. Can you get rid of trichomoniasis Urine is typically sterile but contains a variety of salts, and waste products. How to get trichomoniasis [9] Bacteria can ascend into the bladder or kidney and causing cystitis and nephritis.

• Bacterial gastroenteritis is caused by enteric, pathogenic bacteria. Trichomoniasis rash These pathogenic species are usually distinct from the usually harmless bacteria of the normal gut flora. How common is trichomoniasis But a different strain of the same species may be pathogenic. How did i get trichomoniasis The distinction is sometimes difficult as in the case of Escherichia.

• Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection commonly seen in children. Trichomoniasis in men symptoms [10] It is caused by Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pyogenes. Can you get trichomoniasis from oral sex [11]

• Cellulitis is a diffuse inflammation [13] of connective tissue with severe inflammation of dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin. What does trichomoniasis discharge look like Cellulitis can be caused by normal skin flora or by contagious contact, and usually occurs through open skin, cuts, blisters, cracks in the skin, insect bites, animal bites, burns, surgical wounds, intravenous drug injection, or sites of intravenous catheter insertion. Trichomoniasis in the mouth In most cases it is the skin on the face or lower legs that is affected, though cellulitis can occur in other tissues.

Iron is required for humans, as well as the growth of most bacteria. How is trichomoniasis transmitted To obtain free iron, some pathogens secrete proteins called siderophores, which take the iron away from iron-transport proteins by binding to the iron even more tightly. How do you contract trichomoniasis Once the iron-siderophore complex is formed, it is taken up by siderophore receptors on the bacterial surface and then that iron is brought into the bacterium. Trichomoniasis symptoms in females [14] Direct damage [ edit ]

Once pathogens attach to host cells, they can cause direct damage as the pathogens use the host cell for nutrients and produce waste products. Trichomoniasis odor As pathogens multiply and divide inside host cells, the cells usually rupture and the intercellular bacteria are released. Ways to get trichomoniasis Some bacteria such as E. Trichomoniasis how do you get it coli, Shigella, Salmonella, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, can induce host epithelial cells to engulf them in a process resembling phagocytosis. How is trichomoniasis spread The pathogens can then disrupt host cells as they pass through them and be extruded from host cells by a reverse phagocytosis process, enabling them to enter other host cells. Trichomoniasis male Some bacteria can also penetrate host cells by excreting enzymes and by their own motility; such penetration can itself damage the host cell. Trichomoniasis diagnosis [14] Toxin production [ edit ]

Toxins are poisonous substances that are produced by certain microorganisms and are often the primary factor contributing to the pathogenic properties of the microorganisms. Can you get trichomoniasis from oral Endotoxins are the lipid portions of lipopolysaccharides that are part of the outer membrane of the cell wall of gram negative bacteria. Can men get trichomoniasis Endotoxins are released when the bacteria lyses, which is why after antibiotic treatment symptoms can at first worsen as the bacteria are killed and they release their endotoxins. Trichomonas infection pictures Exotoxins are proteins produced inside pathogenic bacteria as part of their growth and metabolism, most common in gram positive bacteria. Trichomoniasis meaning The exotoxins are released when the bacteria die and the cell wall breaks apart. Is trichomoniasis a std Exotoxins are highly specific in the effects on body tissues and work by destroying particular parts of the host cell or by inhibiting certain metabolic functions. Pictures of trichomoniasis Exotoxins are among the most lethal known substances, only 1 mg of the botulinum exotoxin is enough to kill one million guinea pigs. Oral trichomoniasis Diseases caused this way are often caused by minute amounts of exotoxins, not by the bacteria themselves. Can u get trichomoniasis from oral [14] Identification [ edit ]

Typically identification is done by growing the organism in a wide range of cultures which can take up to 48 hours. Std trichomoniasis medication The growth is then visually or genomically identified. Signs of trichomoniasis in males The cultured organism is then subjected to antibiotics to observe reaction to help further identify species and strain. Metronidazole trichomoniasis [15] Treatment [ edit ]

Bacterial infections may be treated with antibiotics, which are classified as bacteriocidal if they kill bacteria or bacteriostatic if they just prevent bacterial growth. How is trichomoniasis diagnosed There are many types of antibiotics and each class inhibits a process that is different in the pathogen from that found in the host. Symptoms of trichomoniasis in men For example, the antibiotics chloramphenicol and tetracyclin inhibit the bacterial ribosome but not the structurally different eukaryotic ribosome, so they exhibit selective toxicity. Trichomoniasis men [16] Antibiotics are used both in treating human disease and in intensive farming to promote animal growth. Trichomoniasis pictures Both uses may be contributing to the rapid development of antibiotic resistance in bacterial populations. Sexually transmitted disease trichomoniasis [17] Phage therapy can also be used to treat certain bacterial infections. Trichomoniasis discharge [18] Infections can be prevented by antiseptic measures such as sterilizing the skin prior to piercing it with the needle of a syringe and by proper care of indwelling catheters. Trichomoniasis treatment dosage Surgical and dental instruments are also sterilized to prevent infection by bacteria. Trichomoniasis parasite Disinfectants such as bleach are used to kill bacteria or other pathogens on surfaces to prevent contamination and further reduce the risk of infection. What causes trichomoniasis Bacteria in food are killed by cooking to temperatures above 73 °C (163 °F). Treatment for trichomonas vaginalis List of genera and microscopy features [ edit ]

Many genera contain pathogenic bacteria species. Where does trichomoniasis come from They often possess characteristics that help to classify and organize them into groups. Treatment of trichomoniasis The following is a partial listing. Trichomoniasis causes Genus

This is description of the more common genera and species presented with their clinical characteristics and treatments. Flagyl trichomoniasis Species of human pathogenic bacteria Species