Progesterone – side effects, dosage, interactions _ everyday health

As a medication, progesterone is used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to increase or replace levels of progesterone that your body may not have or make enough of to carry out certain bodily functions.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved progesterone in 1998 under the brand name Prometrium, manufactured by Abbvie, which was once part of Abbott Pharmaceuticals. Endometrial biopsy ivf Progesterone Warnings

• Are allergic to progesterone or any of its inactive ingredients• Have a history of blood clots, including acute thrombophlebitis or thromeboemoblic disease• Have breast or genital cancer• Have liver disease• Have had an abortion or ectopic pregnancy• Have lost consciousness or ability to function normally after a stroke• Have bleeding problems

• A family history of blood clots• A family history of breast cancer• A history of depression• A history of endometriosis, a condition in which the lining of the uterus grows in places in your body other than your uterus• Kidney problems• Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)• Bone metabolic disease• High blood pressure

If you are about to have major surgery and are taking progesterone, be sure to tell your doctor because you may need to stop taking progesterone about four weeks prior to your surgery.


People who are bedridden, paralyzed, or do not move around very much are more prone to developing blood clots, so talk to your doctor before taking progesterone if either of these situations apply to you.

A: Progesterone is available in several different forms including pills to be taken by mouth, tablets to be inserted into the vagina, and as an injectable medicine. Endometrial biopsy pain Progesterone also has many uses for female health and regulation of ovulation and menstruation. Breast biopsy recovery The most common side effects of progesterone are bloating, breast tenderness, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, heartburn, acne, increased hair growth, vaginal itching or dryness, irritability, muscle pain, nausea, stomach pain or cramping, and vomiting. Endometrial biopsy results time frame In addition, some progesterone products contain peanut oil; these products should not be taken by people who are allergic to peanuts. Endometrial biopsy results interpretation Progesterone may affect blood sugar levels and should be used cautiously in patients with diabetes. Endometrial biopsy results Progesterone may increase the risk of developing blood clots. Bleeding after endometrial biopsy Patients need to notify their healthcare practitioner if they will be having surgery or be confined to a bed or chair for a long period of time (such as a long plane flight). What is endometrial biopsy Progesterone should only be used during pregnancy if directed by a physician. Endometrial biopsy results how long If a patient is pregnant or breastfeeding, they should consult with her doctor or healthcare practitioner to discuss any potential risks to the baby. What is an endometrial biopsy For more information, see http://www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/progesterone. Biopsy endometrial Michelle McDermott, PharmD

A: Progesterone is available in several different forms including pills to be taken by mouth, tablets to be inserted into the vagina, and as an injectable medicine. Skin biopsy results time Progesterone also has many uses for female health and regulation of ovulation and menstruation. Pipelle endometrial biopsy The most common side effects of progesterone are bloating, breast tenderness, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, heartburn, acne, increased hair growth, vaginal itching or dryness, irritability, muscle pain, nausea, stomach pain or cramping, and vomiting. Endometrial biopsy procedure In addition, some progesterone products contain peanut oil; these products should not be taken by people who are allergic to peanuts. Endometrial biopsy side effects Progesterone may affect blood sugar levels and should be used cautiously in patients with diabetes. Liver biopsy recovery time Progesterone may increase the risk of developing blood clots. Abnormal endometrial biopsy results Patients need to notify their healthcare practitioner if they will be having surgery or be confined to a bed or chair for a long period of time (such as a long plane flight). Endometrial biopsy recovery Progesterone should only be used during pregnancy if directed by a physician. Endometrial biopsy video If a patient is pregnant or breastfeeding, they should consult with their doctor or healthcare practitioner to discuss any potential risks to the baby. Pain after endometrial biopsy For more information, please consult with your healthcare provider and visit http://www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/progesterone. Cervical biopsy recovery Michelle McDermott, PharmD

A: According to the package insert, the most common side effects of oral progesterone that occurred in more than 5 percent of patients during clinical studies were dizziness, breast pain, headache, abdominal pain, fatigue, viral infection, abdominal distention, musculoskeletal pain, emotional lability, irritability, and upper respiratory tract infection. Endometrial biopsy complications Increased liver enzymes have been reported rarely since the drug has been on the market. Hysteroscopy endometrial biopsy For more information, please contact your health care provider. Breast biopsy recovery time You are encouraged to report any negative side effects of prescription drugs to your health care practitioner and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) by visiting www.fda.gov/medwatch, or by calling 1-800-FDA-1088. Endometrial biopsy ivf Michelle McDermott, PharmD

A: Drugs can cause weight gain in several different ways. Endometrial biopsy pain Some can increase appetite or make you crave certain types of foods like those high in carbohydrates or fat. Breast biopsy recovery Other medications may slow down metabolism or cause fluid retention. Endometrial biopsy results time frame However, the effect of prescription drugs on body weight is complex. Endometrial biopsy results interpretation Some drugs have no effect on weight, while others cause weight gain or weight loss. Endometrial biopsy results Also, the same medications can cause weight gain in certain individuals and weight loss in others. Bleeding after endometrial biopsy There are also drugs that initially cause weight loss and then lead to weight gain with long-term use. What is endometrial biopsy Most prescription medications associated with changes in body weight affect the central nervous system. Endometrial biopsy results how long These include antidepressants like monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). What is an endometrial biopsy Mood stabilizers (lithium, valproic acid), antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants have also been linked with weight gain. Biopsy endometrial Other drugs that have been reported to cause weight gain include diabetes medications (insulin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones), antihypertensive drugs, certain hormonal contraceptives, corticosteroids, antihistamines, some chemotherapy regimens, and antiretroviral protease inhibitors. Skin biopsy results time Progesterone has been reported to possibly cause weight gain or weight loss. Pipelle endometrial biopsy If you think a drug you are taking is causing weight gain, tell your health care provider. Endometrial biopsy procedure Do not stop any medication or change the dose without first talking to your provider. Endometrial biopsy side effects For more specific information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action. Liver biopsy recovery time Laura Cable, PharmD

A: Hormone replacements, such as Prometrium (progesterone) can be useful during menopause to relieve symptoms of hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and sleep disturbances, but there are risks that come with them. Abnormal endometrial biopsy results Studies have shown an increased risk of breast cancer, heart disease, and stroke when using female hormones. Endometrial biopsy recovery Prometrium 200 mg has been approved by the FDA and is usually given as a single dose at bedtime for 12 days sequentially per 28-day cycle, to postmenopausal women with a uterus who are also taking estrogen tablets. Endometrial biopsy video In other cases, 400 mg is given nightly for 10 days. Pain after endometrial biopsy It is given to prevent estrogen from thickening the lining of the uterus, which could result in a higher risk for uterine cancer. Cervical biopsy recovery Common side effects may include headache, breast tenderness or pain, upset stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, tiredness, muscle, joint, or bone pain, mood swings, irritability, excessive worrying, runny nose, sneezing, cough, vaginal discharge, and problem urinating. Endometrial biopsy complications Hormone replacement therapy is not meant to be taken on a permanent basis. Hysteroscopy endometrial biopsy After the symptoms of menopause are gone, the hormones should be stopped, due the their risks. Breast biopsy recovery time Some women do not experience symptoms of menopause, and if you do not have problems with symptoms, you probably do not need to be taking the hormones. Endometrial biopsy ivf Factors that influence menopause and how long it will last include genetics, lifestyle, diet, stress, general health, and cultural perspective. Endometrial biopsy pain Some symptoms, such as vaginal dryness and urinary symptoms, may persist into postmenopause, but most diminish and disappear within 12 months of the last period. Breast biopsy recovery After that, your doctor may decide to discontinue the hormone treatment. Endometrial biopsy results time frame For more specific information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action. Endometrial biopsy results interpretation Patti Brown, PharmD

A: Progesterone is a female hormone that is important for ovulation and menstruation. Endometrial biopsy results It is given to balance the effects of estrogen, another female hormone. Bleeding after endometrial biopsy Estrogen is the hormone used to ease the symptoms of menopause and to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis. What is endometrial biopsy Estrogen can be given by itself to a woman who has had a hysterectomy and no longer has a uterus. Endometrial biopsy results how long However, when estrogen is given to a woman with a uterus, the endometrium (lining of the uterus) can build up over time and increase the risk of developing endometrial cancer. What is an endometrial biopsy Progesterone is given to allow the endometrial cells to shed, similar to a menstrual cycle, which decreases the risk of endometrial cancer. Biopsy endometrial A search of the medical literature did not result in information about the effective use of progesterone alone to prevent osteoporosis. Skin biopsy results time Your doctor or gynecologist is best able to guide your treatment decisions based on your specific circumstances. Pipelle endometrial biopsy For more specific information, consult with your doctor or local pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action. Endometrial biopsy procedure Sarah Lewis, RPh, PharmD

A: A study published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology in 1999 found that natural progesterone cream significantly reduced hot flashes compared to the placebo group. Endometrial biopsy side effects In The Wisdom of Menopause, Dr. Liver biopsy recovery time Christiane Northrup says that a 2 percent progesterone skin cream works in about 85 percent of perimenopausal women. Abnormal endometrial biopsy results A little as 1/4 tsp once per day can ease hot flashes. Endometrial biopsy recovery Make sure that you read the labels of natural progesterone cream products careful as there is great variability of progesterone content. Endometrial biopsy video Some creams contain less than 5 mg progesterone per ounce, whereas others contain more than 400 mg progesterone per ounce. Pain after endometrial biopsy This can be obtained over the counter or by prescription. Cervical biopsy recovery I have not found any studies that indicate it should be discontinued over a certain time frame.

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