Spotlight on… diabetic diets _ bbc good food

Diabetes is a lifelong condition caused by a failure of the blood sugar regulation mechanism in the body. Type 1 diabetes ppt This is controlled by a hormone called insulin. Type 1 diabetes in toddlers Diabetes results when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or cells of the body become resistant to insulin so blood sugar levels are not controlled as they should be. Type 1 diabetes life expectancy 2015 Without the proper function of insulin, sugar cannot enter muscle or fat cells, causing serious secondary complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, neuropathy and other complications.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas stops producing insulin.

Cure type 1 diabetes naturally The exact cause is unknown but some believe that it is an autoimmune response in which the body attacks its own pancreatic cells. Diabetes type 1 life expectancy People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin for life.

Non-insulin dependent, used to be most common in later life but is becoming increasingly more prevalent in younger generation largely due to an increase in obesity.

In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still produces insulin, but either it is not producing enough or the body does not respond to it properly. Type 1 diabetes autoimmune The most common cause of type 2 diabetes is obesity. Juvenile diabetes mellitus In many cases, Type 2 diabetes can be avoided through eating a healthy, balanced diet and taking regular exercise and often can be controlled in the same way if diagnosed. How to reverse type 1 diabetes However, some cases will require medication and your doctor should be the one to determine whether this is necessary.

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects women during pregnancy, when some women have slightly higher than normal levels of glucose in their blood and their body cannot produce enough insulin to transport it all into the cells.

Symptoms of diabetes can include tiredness, thirst, frequent urination and skin infections. Type 1 diabetes symptoms in adults A full list of symptoms can be found at . Type 1 diabetes insulin dependent Diabetes must always be controlled under the management of a doctor. Type 1 diabetes symptoms adults For further advice and information see:

People with diabetes of either Type 1 or 2 have a higher chance of developing a range of health conditions including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, circulation problems, nerve damage and damage to the kidneys and eyes. Type 1 diabetes life expectancy If you are overweight then losing this excess weight healthily and steadily can have a very positive effect on blood sugar levels and can reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes nhs It’s also particularly important to build up a good exercise routine as this will help the body maintain good blood sugar levels.

Dietary modification is fundamental to the successful management of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, though making sensible choices will mean you can continue to enjoy a wide range of foods. Type 1 diabetes insulin resistance It’s imperative that weight is kept within the normal range. Type 1 diabetes pregnancy symptoms The dietary guidelines are very similar to those recommended for a healthy lifestyle: eat less sugar and fat, include more fibre-rich starchy foods and more fruit and vegetables with moderate amounts of meat, fish, milk and dairy. Difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus Choosing the right foods can make a big difference and eating regularly helps to ensure blood sugar levels do not fluctuate too much.

– Starchy carbohydrates provide energy and help maintain and control blood glucose levels so should factor in every meal, though portion sizes and carb intake should be discussed with a dietician to ensure you are eating to your individual needs. Type 1 diabetes complications timeline Look for wholemeal or wholegrain breads, high fibre breakfast cereals, wholemeal pasta and brown rice.

– Fibre can slow the rate at which the starch and sugar in foods enter the bloodstream. Type 1 diabetes insulin dosing It can also help manage cholesterol levels as part of a balanced diet. Type 1 diabetes symptoms child This kind of soluble fibre is found in oats, pulses, fruit and vegetables.

– Magnesium, chromium, zinc and vitamin B3 all help to stabilise blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes prognosis Eat plenty of green vegetables, whole grains, dairy foods, brewer’s yeast, seafood and pulses to ensure adequate amounts of these micronutrients.

– Diabetes is linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease so the same heart friendly healthy eating principles apply. Gestational diabetes numbers chart See our Spotlight on heart disease article.

– If you decide to drink alcohol, avoid drinking more than the recommended amount, and never drink alcohol on an empty stomach. Type 1 diabetes mellitus definition Men and women are advised not to reguarly drink more than 14 units a week. Type 1 diabetes mellitus symptoms Depending on the amount you drink, alcohol can cause either high or low blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia). Definition of type 1 diabetes Drinking alcohol may also affect your ability to carry out insulin treatment or blood glucose monitoring, so always be careful not to drink too much.

Jo Lewin holds a degree in nutritional therapy and works as a community health nutritionist and private consultant. Late onset type 1 diabetes symptoms She is an accredited member of BANT and is covered by the association’s code of ethics and practice.

All health content on is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other health care professional. Reversing type 1 diabetes naturally If you have any concerns about your general health, you should contact your local health care provider. Signs of type 1 diabetes in child See our website terms and conditions for more information.