Thirty two frequently asked questions on hepatitis c _ houston, texas usa _

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is found in the blood of persons who have this disease. Cancer and white blood cell count HCV is spread by contact with the blood of an infected person. Blood cancer diagnosis Once exposed, 85% of these individuals become chronically infected, with a 15% chance of developing cirrhosis, which is scarring of the liver, over a 25 year time frame.

There are several blood tests that can be done to determine if you have been infected with HCV. Colon cancer blood in stool You may need to be tested with one or two of the tests listed below to confirm the diagnosis:

RIBA (recombinant immunoblot assay) A supplemental test used to confirm a positive EIA test Anti-HCV does not tell whether the infection is new (acute), chronic (long-term) or is no longer present.


Blood cancer report sample In most cases, this test is no longer used.

A single positive PCR test indicates infection with HCV. Ovarian cancer blood test A single negative test does not prove that a person is not infected. Blood test cancer markers Virus may be present in the blood and just not found by PCR. What is blood cancer called Also, a person infected in the past who has recovered may have a negative test.

When hepatitis C is suspected and PCR is negative, PCR should be repeated. Liver cancer blood test This test will be reported as a “viral load”, determining the amount of virus present. Blood cancer symptoms in adults This viral load becomes most important during treatment to determine if the is a response to therapy.

Yes. Blood cancer in dogs A false positive test means the test looks as if it is positive, but it is really negative. Cancer blood transfusion This happens more often in persons who have a low risk for the disease for which they are being tested. Blood transfusion for cancer patients For example, false positive anti-HCV tests happen more often in persons such as blood donors who are at low risk for hepatitis C. High white blood cell count cancer Therefore, it is important to confirm a positive anti-HCV test with a supplemental test as most false positive anti- HCV tests are reported as negative on supplemental testing. Cancer blood clots There are certain situations where individuals with autoimmune disorders, such as Lupus, may have a false positive HCV antibody test. Prostate cancer blood in urine Confirming this with a HCV-RNA will usually be negative-indicating no active hepatitis C.

Yes. Cancer and blood specialists of nevada Persons with early infection may not as yet have developed antibody levels high enough that the test can measure. Symptoms of blood cancer in hindi In addition, some persons may lack the (immune) response necessary for the test to work well.

Anti-HCV can be found in 7 out of 10 persons when symptoms begin and in about 9 out of 10 persons within 3 months after symptoms begin. Blood cancer reasons However, it is important to note that many persons who have hepatitis C have no symptoms.

• New recommendations from the Centers for Disease control state that all “Baby Boomers” get tested, regardless of their HCV risk factors. Causes of blood cancer in hindi Baby Boomers were born between 1945-1965. Cancer and white blood cell count Baby Boomers, as a group, are five times more likely to have HCV. Blood cancer diagnosis Many have no symptoms, so they need to ask to be tested for HCV-do not assume you will be tested by your physician.

Yes. Colon cancer blood in stool It is common for persons with chronic hepatitis C to have a liver enzyme level that goes up and down, with periodic returns to normal or near normal. Blood cancer report sample Some persons have a liver enzyme level that is normal for over a year but they still have chronic liver disease. Ovarian cancer blood test If the liver enzyme level is normal, persons should have their enzyme level re-checked several times over a 6 to 12 month period. Blood test cancer markers 9. What is blood cancer called How could a person have been exposed to hepatitis C?

There is no evidence that HCV has been spread by oral sex. Liver cancer blood test Discuss these issues with Dr. Blood cancer symptoms in adults Galati for further information. Blood cancer in dogs 12. Cancer blood transfusion Can HCV be spread within a household?

Yes, but this does not occur very often. Blood transfusion for cancer patients If HCV is spread within a household, it is most likely due to direct exposure to the blood of an infected household member. High white blood cell count cancer Casual hosehold contact is not a risk factor for hepatitis C. Cancer blood clots 13. Prostate cancer blood in urine Since more advanced tests have been developed for use in blood banks, what is the chance now that a person can get HCV infection from transfused blood or blood products?

No. Cancer and blood specialists of nevada Pregnant women have no greater risk of being infected with HCV then non-pregnant women. Symptoms of blood cancer in hindi If a pregnant woman has risk factors for hepatitis C, they should be tested for anti-HCV. Blood cancer reasons 15. Causes of blood cancer in hindi What is the risk that HCV infected women will spread HCV to their newborn infants?

About 5 out of every 100 infants born to HCV infected women become infected. Cancer and white blood cell count This occurs at the time of birth, and there is no treatment that can prevent this from happening. Blood cancer diagnosis Most infants infected with HCV at the time of birth have no symptoms and do well during childhood. Colon cancer blood in stool More studies are needed to find out if these children will have problems from the infection as they grow older. Blood cancer report sample There are no treatments or guidelines for the treatment of infants or children infected with HCV. Ovarian cancer blood test Children with elevated ALT (liver enzyme) levels should be referred for evaluation to a specialist familiar with the management of children with HCV-related disease.

No. Blood test cancer markers There is no evidence that breast-feeding spreads HCV. What is blood cancer called HCV-positive mothers should consider abstaining from breast-feeding if their nipples are cracked or bleeding. Liver cancer blood test 17. Blood cancer symptoms in adults When should babies born to mothers with hepatitis C be tested to see if they were infected at birth?

Children should not be tested for anti-HCV before 12-18 months of age as HCV antibodies from the mother may last until this age. Blood cancer in dogs If testing is desired prior to 12 months of age, PCR could be performed at or after an infant’s first well-child visit at age 1-2 months. Cancer blood transfusion 18. Blood transfusion for cancer patients How can persons infected with HCV prevent spreading HCV to others?

Don’t ever shoot drugs. High white blood cell count cancer If you shoot drugs, stop and get into a treatment program. Cancer blood clots If you can’t stop, never reuse or share syringes, water, or drug works, and get vaccinated against hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

You should use latex condoms correctly and every time. Prostate cancer blood in urine The efficacy of latex condoms in preventing infection with HCV is unknown, but their proper use may reduce transmission.

No. Cancer and blood specialists of nevada There is a very low chance of spreading HCV to that partner through sexual activity. Symptoms of blood cancer in hindi If you want to lower the small chance of spreading HCV to your sex partner, you may decide to use barrier precautions such as latex condoms. Blood cancer reasons The efficacy of latex condoms in preventing infection with HCV is unknown, but their proper use may reduce transmission. Causes of blood cancer in hindi Your partner should also be tested. Cancer and white blood cell count 20. Blood cancer diagnosis What can persons with HCV infection do to protect their liver?

22. Colon cancer blood in stool What are the chances of persons with HCV infection developing long term infection, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, liver cancer, or dying as a result of hepatitis C?

A small percentage of persons with chronic hepatitis C develop medical conditions outside the liver (this is called extrahepatic). Blood cancer report sample These conditions are thought to occur due to the body’s natural immune system fighting against itself. Ovarian cancer blood test Such conditions include: glomerulonephritis associated with kidney disease, essential mixed cryoglobulinemia, and porphyria cutanea tarda-a skin condition.

Since 2013,there have been numerous new therapies for HCV approved by the FDA. Blood test cancer markers More information can be learned about these new therapies by viewing the following videos produced by Liver Specialists of Texas and Dr. What is blood cancer called Galati

Genotype refers to the genetic make-up of an organism or a virus. Liver cancer blood test There are at least 6 distinct HCV genotypes identified. Blood cancer symptoms in adults Genotype 1 is the most common genotype seen in the United States.

Yes, as there are 6 known genotypes and more than 50 subtypes of HCV, and genotype information is helpful in defining the epidemiology of hepatitis C. Blood cancer in dogs Knowing the genotype or serotype (genotype-specific antibodies) of HCV is helpful in making recommendations and counseling regarding therapy. Cancer blood transfusion Based on your genotype, the length of treatment, as well as the combination of medication will be determined.

After needle stick or sharps exposure to HCV positive blood , about 2 healthcare workers out of 100 will get infected with HCV. Blood transfusion for cancer patients 28. High white blood cell count cancer What are the recommendations for follow-up of healthcare workers after exposure to HCV positive blood?

For the person exposed to an HCV-positive source, baseline and follow-up testing including baseline testing for anti-HCV and ALT activity; and follow-up testing for anti-HCV (e.g., at 4-6 months) and ALT activity. Cancer blood clots (If earlier diagnosis of HCV infection is desired, testing for HCV RNA may be performed at 4-6 weeks.)

No, there are no recommendations to restrict a healthcare worker who is infected with HCV. Prostate cancer blood in urine The risk of transmission from an infected healthcare worker to a patient appears to be very low. Cancer and blood specialists of nevada As recommended for all healthcare workers, those who are HCV positive should follow strict aseptic technique and standard precautions, including appropriate use of hand washing, protective barriers, and care in the use and disposal of needles and other sharp instruments.

Obesity, and all of its related complications, is more serious than most adults in America believe. Symptoms of blood cancer in hindi More than one-third (34.9% or 78.6 million) of U.S. Blood cancer reasons adults are obese. Causes of blood cancer in hindi Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease, and certain types of cancer, are some of the leading causes of preventable death. Cancer and white blood cell count We are seeing an increase in the number of young children and adolescents developing obesity, and all of the related complications.

The cost of obesity is staggering, with annual medical cost of obesity exceeding $147 billion in 2008 U.S. Blood cancer diagnosis dollars. Colon cancer blood in stool The medical costs for people who are obese were $1,429 higher than those of normal weight.

Dr. Blood cancer report sample Galati and the Liver Specialists of Texas team are dedicated to evaluate, treat, and manage all aspects of obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD and NASH), including the complication of cirrhosis and liver failure. Ovarian cancer blood test Developing a customized plan of care for each patient they see is their objective.