Thyroid cancer – cancer carcinom endometrial biopsy results time frame

It is a type of cancer that occurs when cells in the thyroid gland turn into cancers. Thyroid cancers are usually seen as a mass in the neck or as a nodule in the thyroid gland. Nodule; is the name given to the disease that occurs when cells form clusters of communities, which can be the size of a walnut from a pea. Cold (no hormone secretion) and hot (hormone secretion) can be separated. The type that needs to be taken seriously is not hot but cold. Because about 15 percent of them are likely to become cancerous. Therefore, especially those with cold nodules need to be thyroid biopsy with no need to lose time. The reason for the biopsy is to be able to determine if there is cancer in the nodule.

T3, T4, TSH levels and thyroid scintigraphy tests can be performed after manual diagnosis of small goiters.

Growth of the thyroid gland may cause lump growth in the throat in susceptible individuals. This condition is called nodulation. Patients with untreated goiter may experience nodulation later in the year. The cancer rate in the nodules is 5 percent. However, 95 percent of patients with thyroid cancer may continue to have normal life.

If a person suspects the goitre, he should first consult an endocrinologist. Disease usually requires some team work. Because after the examination, the radiologists need to undergo needle biopsy after the ultrasound examination and interpretation.

Papillary Type: 80 percent of thyroid cancers are papillary type. Cancers of this type usually occur between 20 and 50 years of age. The rate of females is three times higher than that of males. The most common type of thyroid cancer in children younger than 14 years. Generally, for many years (sometimes 30 years) they can grow without ever growing to less than 1 cm. For other reasons, for example, due to goitre or hyperthyroidism, the rate of coincidence is very high when the gland is surgically removed.

Treatment: It is treated by surgical method. The thyroid gland is completely removed (total thyroidectomy). If the patient has a “microcancer” smaller than 10 mm after surgery, no other treatment is applied except thyroid hormone. Radioactive iodine treatment is performed 6 weeks after the operation in cases where cancer jumps to the lymph nodes, cancer encounters the surrounding capsule of the thyroid, and the size of the cancer is 10 mm.

This treatment reduces the likelihood that the disease will return locally, either as a metastatic site or as a distant metastasis. If lymphadenopathy is present in the neck of the patients; the lymph nodes along with the thyroid must be removed as a block. If this condition is suspected before surgery, the lymph node is not surgically removed at all. In this stage, diagnosis is made with needle biopsy if necessary, and the thyroid gland of the patient is removed with the lymph glands without deteriorating the integrity of the tissue. This amelia total thyroidectomy + modified radical or functional neck lymph dissection surgery is called.

Patients are followed up with TSH values ??and thyroglobulin values. When TSH shows the amount of hormone taken by the patient, and when the thyroglobulin value is around “0”, it indicates that the disease has been treated. However, in some cases it is possible for the disease to return without elevating the thyroglobulin level. 90% of patients continue their healthy life after treatment

Follicular Type: Patients in this group, mostly women aged 40-60 years. They constitute 10 percent of thyroid cancers. Follicular cancers, the most difficult group to be diagnosed in thyroid cancers. Because, in this group, it is not possible to know whether the lesion is a cancer in the frozen section during the operation in the fine needle biopsy performed before the operation. Because in order to know if there is cancer of this kind; it is necessary to see where the cells pierce this capsule and go out, anywhere in the capsule surrounding this mass of normal structure cells.

Treatment: As is the case with papillary therapies, total thyroidectomy and post-operative radioactive iodine treatment, regardless of tumor size, in the case of invasive cancer. 80 percent of the patients can continue their healthy life after the treatment.

Treatment: Total thyroidectomy (complete removal of the thyroid) and lymph node dissection. This type of post-operative radioactive iodine is not used because the tumor cells are different from other thyroid cells so they can not handle iodine. Calorie caloric value is measured in the paper. 60 percent of the patients continue their healthy life after treatment.

Anaplastic Type: This type constitutes 5 percent of thyroid cancers. It usually occurs after 60 years of age and many years of untreated papillary or follicular cancers begin to grow rapidly by changing their biological behavior. In this case, surgical methods can not be applied. However, in order to relieve the patient, radiotherapy treatment is being done with the neck.